• The language and music of the wolves. Narrated by Robert Redford (Natural History Magazine, 1971)

Narrated by Robert RedfordTONSIL RECORDS. NHM 003. 1971. STEREO

The actual language and music of the Wolf recorded in his remaining territories. And the true explanation of the Wolf and Man, narrated by Robert Redford, actor and nature lover. (Another project of Natural History Magazine)Some slightly technical information:The wolf howl is a long, low, mournful sound. It is continuous--from about half a second to 11 seconds in length. It consists of a fundamental frequency, between 150 and 780 cycles per second, and contains up to 12 harmonically related overtones. The pitch remains constant or varies smoothly, and may change direction as many as four or five times. Total intensity does not vary greatly throughout. Yet there is much variation in the howling of different wolves. The following howls were recorded in Ontario, Michigan, and Minnesota.


  • The language and music of the wolves. Side B Part One 

Opening Howl. This is the most common vocal communication of wolves: The pack howl. A single wolf starts with a short series of howls, usually lasting 30 seconds. Once he begins, other pack members approach the animal and join in. This wolf starts more or less by himself, beginning with a few low howls and working up to a series of shorter, higher ones, in chorus with other pack members. When a group howl takes place, there is considerable tail wagging, excitement, and general friendliness between the wolves. Toward the end of a howl, wolves often bark.


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